Sciences Po CSO/CNRS CNRS
Séminaire Réseaux - Régulation / Networks - Regulation Seminar
Topology and evolution of innovation networks, Laura Prota et Maria P. Vitale
12 Mai 2014

Les prochains invités du séminaire "Réseaux et Régulation" seront Laura Prota et Maria P. Vitale, Università degli Studi di Salerno.

Leur intervention portera sur "Topology and evolution of innovation networks".

Résumé

Since the 1990s collaboration networks linking firms, universities and local institutions have been widely recognized as loci of innovation able to recombine sparse local knowledge into integrated regional innovation systems (RIS). Being profoundly in uenced by RIS, the EU policy has fostered the emergence of collaboration networks throughout countries, redefining in its programs cooperation as a key resource for competition. In Italy, about 30 high-tech districts (TD) were established by the government in mid-2000 with the specific aim of creating local and global bridging. After more than a decade of activity however, still it remains to understand what types of networks these public policies have fostered in practice.
Our study examines the patterns of collaborations established in a TD located in southern Italy to explore what configuration the collaboration network has taken over time. In particular, we advance the hypothesis that a small-world process of link formation, characterized by clusters of specialized actors connected by a few bridges, has been the driving force of development. The extent the observed collaboration network approximates to an ideal small-world topology is measured at each time point using pre specified blockmodeling. Results show that the evolutionary trajectory of collaborations evolved from a core-periphery model towards a small-word system. The policy implications of these results are discussed.


Le séminaire "Réseaux et Régulation" du CSO, conjointement organisé avec le CMH (Centre Maurice Halbwachs), propose un lieu de réflexion sur les concepts et méthodes de la sociologie néo-structurale, ainsi que sur sa contribution au développement des théories de l'action individuelle et collective, en particulier dans les marchés et les organisations. Il met un accent particulier sur l'analyse des structures relationnelles intra- et inter-organisationnelles et sa contribution à l'étude des processus sociaux (solidarités, contrôles, régulations, équilibrages des pouvoirs, apprentissages, discriminations, etc.) caractérisant la société organisationnelle et le monde des affaires.


Pour en savoir plus sur le séminaire...

==> Date : 12 mai 2014, de 16h à 18h

==> Lieu : CSO, 19 rue Amélie 75007 Paris (métro La Tour-Maubourg)

==> Informations pratiques : entrée libre dans la limite des places disponibles.

==> Contacts : Emmanuel Lazega, Claire Lemercier

==> Voir le programme