Sciences Po CSO/CNRS CNRS

Marie-Emmanuelle CHESSEL

CNRS Senior Research fellow

Research Programs
Governance and economic organizations program

Marie-Emmanuelle CHESSEL




Marie-Emmanuelle Chessel’s research focuses on the economic and social history of contemporary France, with special attention to transnational circulations. She works on several research topics.

The first of these is consumer society. Her work centers on the different actors who aid in constructing this milieu: experts in market development (advertisers and marketers), activists in consumer organizations, etc. She has conducted individual and collaborative research on advertising, the relationship between consumption and policy, and the history of activist consumption.
Her second main research topic is the business world and employers, in their relationship with society at large. In this vein, she notably conducted research on the history of management teaching in France. She coordinates a collective survey at the EHESS on the history of the Centre Français du Patronat Chrétien (CFPC) [French National Council of Christian Employers], since become the Entrepreneurs et Dirigeants Chrétiens (EDC) [Christian Entrepreneurs and Managers] in 2000, which will soon be published in book form. Her work has led her to concentrate more intensely on Christian actors in the realm of consumption – in particular, on the role of religion in the “reform” of the economy, in women’s and men’s organizations, and on the practices of social surveys in Christian circles.

Marie-Emmanuelle Chessel has published Consommateurs engagés à la Belle Epoque. La Ligue sociale d’acheteurs [Activist Consumers during the Belle Epoque: The Social Buyers ‘League] (Paris, Sciences Po University Press, 2012) and Histoire de la consommation [The History of Consumption] (Paris, La Découverte, 2012).






Since 2016:
“The History of Surveys: Consumption and Work in the 19th and 20th centuries” Master 1 workshop within the History Department at Sciences Po, with Gwenaële Rot

Since 2006:
Co-organization of the collective seminar of the ESOPP research group [Social and Political Studies on Populations, Social Protection, and Health] at the EHESS and Sciences Po. First, “L’auto-fabrication des sociétés : population, politiques sociales, santé” [The Self-Construction of Societies: Population, Social Policy, and Health] (2006-2015], then “Mesurer la valeur humaine. Histoire, sciences de la vie, sciences sociales” [Measuring Human Value: History, Life Sciences, and Social Sciences] (since 2015)

2008-2010:
Co-organization of a weekly research seminar at the EHESS, entitled “Gender and Social Reform” (with Christophe Capuano and Laura Lee Downs)

2008-2009:
Co-organization of a monthly seminar at the EHESS, entitled “The Use of Gender in History” (with Magali della Sudda, Laura L. Downs, Arlette Farge, and Alessandro Stella)






Partner at the French National Research Agency’s “Eurasemploi. Croissance et formes d'emploi. Une comparaison eurasiatique de l'incertitude au travail” [Eurasemploi Project – Growth and Forms of Employment: An Euro-Asiatic Comparison of Uncertainty at Work] (Inalco, University Paris Diderot, EHESS, and Sciences Po), directed by Bernard Thomann (Inalco)

Member of the scientific and editorial boards of Le Mouvement Social
Member of the Entreprises et histoire editorial board


Prizes
CNRS Silver Medal (2014)







2009
Habilitation to supervise research in History from the EHESS
1996
Doctorate in History and Civilizations from the European University Institute of Florence (Italy)
1992
Master’s degree in History from Lyon 2 University
1990
Bachelor’s degree from the Institut d'Etudes Politiques [Political Studies Institute] Lyon




"From Duties to Rights: Revisiting the ‘Social Catholics’ in Twentieth-Century France", January 2020.

Revisiter la décision dans les organisations
"Revisiter la décision dans les organisations", 2020, Numéro Spécial.


"Débat : peut-on apprendre à décider en jouant ?", December 2019.

"La décision toujours en question", December 2019.

"Comment j'ai écrit 'Profession: décideurs'. Entretien avec Catherine Grémion", December 2019.

"Céline Lhotte et Elisabeth Dupeyrat, 'La préparation du futur foyer de la jeune travailleuse'. Restitution d'une enquête de la Jeunesse ouvrière chrétienne féminine (1937)", July 2019.

"La consommation au XXe siècle : enquêtes, savoirs, pratiques", July 2019.

Consommer et compter : enquêtes sur la consommation au XXe siècle
"Consommer et compter : enquêtes sur la consommation au XXe siècle", July 2019, Numéro Spécial.


Compte rendu de Jean-Claude Daumas, La Révolution Matérielle, February, 2019.

"Revisiter la décision dans les organisations", 2019, Numéro Spécial.

L'Entreprise et l'Evangile. Une histoire des patrons chrétiens
L'Entreprise et l'Evangile. Une histoire des patrons chrétiens, 2018.


"The making og the consumer: historical and sociological perspectives", 2018.

"Le patronat chrétien et la formation des chefs d’entreprise en France (années 1940-années 1970)", In Jean-Paul Barrière, Régis Boulat, Alain Chatriot, Pierre Lamard, Jean-Michel Minovez (dir.), Les trames de l’histoire : entreprises, territoires, consommations, institutions. Mélanges en l’honneur de Jean-Claude Daumas, Presses Universitaires de, July, 2017.

"La mode modérée. La Ligue sociale d'acheteurs et l'appel aux consommatrices au tournant du XXe siècle", January 2017.

Des Empires aux objets : la fabrique des consommateurs (A propos de Frank Trentmann, Empire of Things: How We Became a World of Consumers, from the Fifteenth Century to the Twenty-First, Londres, Allen Lane, 2016), January, 2017.

"Des empires aux objets : la fabrique des consommateurs. À propos de : Frank Trentmann, Empire of Things. How We Became a World of Consumers, from the Fifteenth Century to the Twenty-first", 2017.

"A propos de Un monde de choses de F. Trenmann. Introduction", La vie des idées, November 2016.

Compte rendu de : Danièle Fraboulet, Michel Margairaz et Pierre Vernus (dir.), Réguler l'économie. L'apport des organisations patronales. Europe, XIX-XXe siècles, Histoire@Politique, July, 2016.

"Entreprises et religions", Entreprises et histoire, March 2016, Numéro Spécial.

"Postface. Consommation : les "nouveautés" au regard de l'histoire", EMS Management et société, February, 2016.

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