Sciences Po CSO/CNRS CNRS

Léonie HENAUT

Research axis
Artists, Institutions, and Cultural Policy : New Forms of Economic Governance

Léonie HENAUT




Léonie Hénaut’s work primarily draws from the sociology of professions and organizations. She studies the processes at work in the construction of professional groups and of their division of labor.

Her initial research looked at the field of the preservation of cultural heritage. In her doctoral dissertation, which is currently being published, she analyzes the transformation of this field of activity and the professional dynamics at play for art restorers and museum curators. She also shows how controversies and jurisdictional struggles affect the appearance of artworks, and how authenticity is produced in the work process. Currently, she is conducting a study on museum professions and the changes within them, in France and the United States from the 1950s on. This international comparison constitutes the core of her research program, the objective being to reveal the role interactions – between professionals and between organizations – play in professional dynamics.

Since 2009, Léonie Hénaut has also been addressing these questions in a different field of activity: chronically ill patient care. Here again, workers from different sectors (social, health, medical, paramedical, and legal) are obliged to cooperate, and they also struggle for recognition of their specific expertise, as well as for a definition of personal autonomy. With researchers from the Center for the Sociology of Innovation and the Center for Scientific Management at the Ecole des Mines in Paris, she is collaborating on several projects on the coordination of care and services for elderly and handicapped persons, as well as the structuring of assistance for family caregivers.

These different research veins should make it possible to both delineate the organizational specificities unique to preservation or care – of cultural heritage or people – and build an interactional theory of professional dynamics.






Member of the organization committee for the 2nd scientific conference of the Caisse Nationale de Solidarité pour l'Autonomie (National Solidarity Fund for Autonomy)- 2011-2012





Ph.D. in sociology University of Paris 8 (2008)

Diploma Ecole du Louvre (2004)

Master’s in sociology, University of Paris 8 (2003)




"New public management and the professions within cultural organizations: one hybridization may hide another", March 2014.

Coordination et parcours. La dynamique du monde sanitaire, social et médico-social
Coordination et parcours. La dynamique du monde sanitaire, social et médico-social, Dunod, 2014.


De la démocratie dans la régulation des professions, November, 2013.

Review of Florent Champy, "Nouvelle théorie sociologique des professions", European Journal of Sociology, December, 2012.

"Les métiers à pourboires. Des collectifs de travail à l’épreuve d’une évaluation individuelle et continue ?", November, 2012.

L’histoire à l’atelier. Restaurer les œuvres d'art (XVIIIe-XXIe siècles)
L’histoire à l’atelier. Restaurer les œuvres d'art (XVIIIe-XXIe siècles), Lyon, Presses universitaires de Lyon, 2012.


"Qui dirige l'arc de travail ? Autonomie des praticiens et régulation du groupe professionnel dans la restauration d’art", Toulouse, Octarès, May, 2012.

"Restauration, spoliations et controverses. Préface", CéROArt, April 2012.

Une ethnographie de la relation d'aide : de la ruse à la fiction, comment concilier protection et autonomie, 2012.

Parcours de vie et aide à l'autonomie, 2012.

"Introduction", 2012.

Soutenir et accompagner les aidants non professionnels de personnes âgées : de l’évaluation des besoins à la structuration des services sur un territoire, 2012.

"Les gestionnaires de cas : une nouvelle figure de tiers pour la coordination des parcours de santé des personnes âgées", Revue économique et sociale, September 2011.

"La réception des œuvres restaurées : ce que révèlent les trois dernières grandes controverses au Louvre", Histoire de l’art, May 2011.

"Capacités d’observation et dynamique des groupes professionnels. La conservation des œuvres de musées", Revue française de sociologie, March 2011.

"Professionnalisation et rapports au métier", Travaux & Documents, March 2011, Numéro Spécial.

"La réception des oeuvres restaurées : ce que révèlent les trois dernières grandes controverses au Louvre", Histoire de l’art, 2011.

"Un tableau en cours de restauration, ou comment aborder empiriquement la question de la perception esthétique", La Découverte, 2011.

La coordination dans le champ sanitaire et médico-social : enjeux organisationnels et dynamiques professionnelles, 2011.

"La construction des groupes professionnels : les restaurateurs d’œuvres d’art en France et aux Etats- Unis", Formation Emploi : Revue française de sciences sociales, June 2010.

See all publications