Research Programs
Labor Markets and Professional Groups


Léonie Hénaut’s work primarily draws from the sociology of professions and organizations. She studies the processes at work in the construction of professional groups and of their division of labor.

Her initial research looked at the field of the preservation of cultural heritage. In her doctoral dissertation, which is currently being published, she analyzes the transformation of this field of activity and the professional dynamics at play for art restorers and museum curators. She also shows how controversies and jurisdictional struggles affect the appearance of artworks, and how authenticity is produced in the work process. Currently, she is conducting a study on museum professions and the changes within them, in France and the United States from the 1950s on. This international comparison constitutes the core of her research program, the objective being to reveal the role interactions – between professionals and between organizations – play in professional dynamics.

Since 2009, Léonie Hénaut has also been addressing these questions in a different field of activity: chronically ill patient care. Here again, workers from different sectors (social, health, medical, paramedical, and legal) are obliged to cooperate, and they also struggle for recognition of their specific expertise, as well as for a definition of personal autonomy. With researchers from the Center for the Sociology of Innovation and the Center for Scientific Management at the Ecole des Mines in Paris, she is collaborating on several projects on the coordination of care and services for elderly and handicapped persons, as well as the structuring of assistance for family caregivers.

These different research veins should make it possible to both delineate the organizational specificities unique to preservation or care – of cultural heritage or people – and build an interactional theory of professional dynamics.

Member of the organization committee for the 2nd scientific conference of the Caisse Nationale de Solidarité pour l'Autonomie (National Solidarity Fund for Autonomy)- 2011-2012

Ph.D. in sociology University of Paris 8 (2008)

Diploma Ecole du Louvre (2004)

Master’s in sociology, University of Paris 8 (2003)

Évaluation qualitative PAERPA - Rapport final, 2017.

"La professionnalisation de la conservation-restauration et ses limites : une analyse à deux voix", In Situ [En ligne], 30, October 2016.

"En sociologie : le travail du patrimoine", Culture et recherche, July 2016.

"Coordonnateurs de parcours, quelles dynamiques professionnelles pour les infirmiers ?", SOiNS, June 2016.

"Le monopole des professions : inclure, exclure, redéfinir la concurrence", Presses des Mines, May, 2016.

Faire la concurrence. Retour sur un phénomène social et économique
Faire la concurrence. Retour sur un phénomène social et économique, Presses des Mines, 2016.

"Travailler (sur) la concurrence", Presses des Mines, May, 2016.

"Les directeurs des soins. Innover pour gérer la complexité des organisations", Presses des Mines, April, 2016.

"La conception de l'ordre dans la sociologie processuelle", March, 2016.

"À l’origine de la dynamique des professions. Interdépendance ou", March, 2016.

Aider les proches aidants. Comprendre les besoins et organiser les services sur les territoires
Aider les proches aidants. Comprendre les besoins et organiser les services sur les territoires, Presses des Mines, 2014.

"Comment contenir l’ascension d’un groupe de spécialistes ? Les conservateurs et la restauration des collections", La Documentation Française, September, 2014.

Dynamiques professionnelles et nouvelle gestion publique : la transformation des musées américains, May 2014.

La professionnalisation de la conservation-restauration et ses limites, May 2014.

"Nouvelle gestion publique et enjeux de métier dans les organisations culturelles : Une hybridation peut en cacher une autre", Revues internationale de Sciences administratives, March 2014.

"New public management and the professions within cultural organizations: one hybridization may hide another", March 2014.

Coordination et parcours. La dynamique du monde sanitaire, social et médico-social
Coordination et parcours. La dynamique du monde sanitaire, social et médico-social, Dunod, 2014.

De la démocratie dans la régulation des professions, November, 2013.

Review of Florent Champy, "Nouvelle théorie sociologique des professions", European Journal of Sociology, December, 2012.

"Les métiers à pourboires. Des collectifs de travail à l’épreuve d’une évaluation individuelle et continue ?", November, 2012.

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