Research Programs
Governance and economic organizations program : Law, norms, and regulations program : Public policy and transformations of the state program : Work, employment, and professions program


Research topic: historical sociology of economic institutions.

Claire Lemercier became a CNRS research fellow in 2003 with the Institute for Early Modern and Modern History (l’Institut d’histoire moderne et contemporaine), and she then joined the CSO in 2010.
Her research looks at the institutions on the public/private border which participate in regulating the economy. She is specifically working on defining a French model of regulation based on the unique relationship between the public and private sectors.
This is the subject of her as yet unpublished work for her Habilitation, “A French model of peer review” (Un modèle français de jugement des pairs), which draws on a study of 19th century commercial courts and labor relations boards to evaluate the specificities of an official legal system wherein justice is dispensed by judges elected from the business world. She compares the French situation in this respect to that of England and the United States.

Her latest projects delve into "the history of apprenticeship in 18th- and 19th-century France (with Clare Crowston and Steve Kaplan" changes in the governance of the largest French firms and the way they have recruited top managers from the 1830s to today (with Pierre François), the birth of international commercial arbitration from the 1880s to the 1960s (with Jérôme Sgard), and the supposed “depersonalization” of trade relations from the 1750s to 1850s (with Arnaud Bartolomei, Matthieu de Oliveira, and Nadège Sougy). The project entitled "Fiduciae" got a ANR young researchers in 2013.

Lecturer at Sciences Po:
"Written Sources," in the Sociology Ph.D. program.

Lecturer at the EHESS:
“Quantitative Methods for History and the Historian” workshop, open to students of all levels (see

Co-director of the “History” series from the Repères-La Découverte collection.

Member of the scientific board of the Centre pour l’édition électronique ouverte (Center for open electronic publishing --

Member of the editorial board of Enterprise & Society.

Bronze medal from the CNRS in 2008.

Habilitation (HDR), direction of Philippe Minard, from Université Paris 8 (2012)
Ph.D. in history from the EHESS (2001).
Master’s degree (1998).
Agrégation (1997) and B.A. (1996) in History.
B.A., Sciences Po-Paris (1996).

Quantitative Methods in the Humanities. An Introduction
Quantitative Methods in the Humanities. An Introduction, 2019.

Compte rendu de John Colin, Charles Manby Smith et William Duthie, Les sentiers de l’ouvrier. Le Paris des artisans britanniques (autobiographies, 1815-1850). Textes présentés par Fabrice Bensimon, April, 2018.

L’autre côté du miroir : devenir membre d’un comité de sélection (2/2), April 2018.

L’autre côté du miroir : devenir membre d’un comité de sélection (1/2), April 2018.

Que faire du matériau juridique en sciences sociales ?, April 2018.

"Concours CNRS : les CV contre les projets de recherche ?", March 2018.

"La prosopographie", 2018.

"La maisonnée fait la participation : une analyse des itinéraires de participation électorale dans un bureau de vote francilien (1982-2008)", 2018.

Das Unternehmen und seine Aktionäre., 2018.

"Failure or Flexibility? Apprenticeship Training in Premodern Europe", September 2017.

"Entreprises et dirigeants familiaux. Quelles spécificités parmi les plus grandes entreprises françaises cotées ? (années 1950-années 2000)", August, 2017.

"The second financializaton in France - or how executives and directors with unchanged financial careers promoted a new conception of control", August, 2017.

"Elites économiques : à qui profite la financiarisation ?", Pouvoirs, 2017.

"L'encastrement des relations entre marchands en France, 1750-1850. Une révolution dans le monde du commerce ?", Annales. Histoire, Sciences Sociales, 2017.

Naissance du commerce mondialisé À propos de : Francesca Trivellato, Corail contre diamants. De la Méditerranée à l’océan Indien au XVIIIe siècle, Seuil., November, 2016.

Failure Or Flexibility? Exits From Apprenticeship Training In Pre-Modern Europe, 2016.

"L'histoire économique au futur", Tracés, hors-série, p. 151-164., October 2016.

L’État vu de ses marges, August, 2016.

Beyond the personal-anonymous divide: Agency relations in powers of attorney in France, 18th-19th centuries, 2016.

Digital Paper: A Manual for Research and Writing with Library and Internet Materials, A. Abbott. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago and London (2014). 272 pp., Sociologie du travail, July, 2016.

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